PTP Full Form

PTP Full Form & Meaning

PTP Full Form in Mobile


PTP Full Form in Loan / Finance

PTP stand for 'PUBLICLY TRADED PARTNERSHIP' in Loan / Finance

PTP Full Form in Medical


PTP Full Form in Networking

PTP stand for 'PRECISION TIME PROTOCOL' in Networking 


Pictures may be sent via the PTP protocol. Using PTP, digital photography equipment, such as digital cameras, may communicate with one other regardless of the platform or transport they use. It specifies a collection of standard operations, responses and events that manage the generation and transfer of objects, such as digital photographs and other digital data.

There are several advantages to using PTP, including:

  1. For platforms and operating systems, it removes the requirement for user-installed digital camera drivers by allowing them to include PTP natively into their systems.
  2. A single protocol may be used to support several transports from a single camera manufacturer.
  3. Third-party developers may quickly and universally interact with digital cameras thanks to this software platform.
  4. Allows for a wide range of alternative features while using just a small number of constructions.
  5. Allows manufacturers to add their own commands and features to the protocol.


Digital camera manufacturers utilized a variety of proprietary protocols to manage their cameras and transport pictures to computers and other host devices prior to the standardization of PTP. In 2000, PTP was standardized as PIMA 15740. The IT10 Committee designed it. Two Eastman Kodak Company employees and Eran Steinberg were key contributors to the standard (Fotonation).

Internationally, ISO 15740:2005 was adopted as the standard for PTP 1.0, replacing PIMA 15740. Additional functionality including streaming media and various vendor extensions were included to ISO 15740 backwards compatible upgrades made in 2008 and 2013.


PTP now defines the following transports as standard:

  • USB-IF Device Working Group's UBS: USB-IF Device Class for Still Image Devices, may be found at:
  • Camera & Imaging Products Association (CIPA): PTP-IP IP Picture Transfer Protocol, version 1.0, may be found at:

The use of PTP in the manufacture of goods

PTP has been extensively used in digital imaging devices, such as digital cameras, and personal computer operating systems, since its introduction in 2000. These organizations and individuals presently support PTP:

Since 2005, almost all digital cameras have supported PTP.

  • Beginning with Windows XP, PTP has been natively supported by Microsoft's operating systems. Microsoft's PTP driver currently supports the WIA (Windows Imaging Architecture) driver paradigm for PTP devices. Microsoft's MTP (Media Transport Protocol) is based on PTP and expands it to enable portable media-centric devices.
  • OS X: PTP is natively supported in OS X.
  • Linux OS: There are a number of open-source driver packages for Linux.
  • To allow direct printing of images without the need for a PC, the Camera and Imaging Products Association (CIPA) defined PictBridge, which uses PTP as the underlying communication protocol.


A PTP is a partnership that is traded on the stock market.

Two or more co-owners in a PTP may exchange their shares on a securities market formed for this purpose. Two or more general partners—individuals, businesses, or other partnerships—manage a publicly listed partnership, which is funded by limited partners who have no management role in the partnership.

It is possible to have a master limited partnership (MLP) and a publicly traded partnership. In the energy sector, PTPs may provide investors with quarterly dividends that are taxed at a lower rate than regular dividends.

Understanding Partnerships in the Stock Market

Tax advantages of limited partnerships are combined with public market liquidity in the form of a publicly listed partnership. Companies that are publicly traded must participate in specific sorts of activities, such as those associated to the production and transportation of natural resources, such as petroleum. Publicly traded partnerships must meet a 90% income requirement from "qualifying" sources in order to be eligible for this status. Qualifying sources include, but are not limited to, interest, dividends, real estate rentals, and gains from the sale or transfer of real estate...

As a result, eligible income now includes any "income and profits obtained from the discovery and exploitation of any mineral or natural resource (including fertiliser, geothermal energy and forestry and industrial source carbon dioxide."

In addition, transportation and storage of fuels (including biodiesel and other alternative fuels), capital asset sales, and income and profits from particular commodities and commodity forwards, futures, and options are also included.

Partnerships that are traded on the stock market

Partnerships are tax-exempt, thus they are able to pass on more of their profits to shareholders than corporations, which are taxed on their profits. Partnerships, unlike most other statuses, often distribute their profits quarterly, unlike most other statuses, which typically distribute their earnings once a year.

While these payments may be compared to corporate dividends, the tax treatment they get is often preferable. In part, this is due to how they are treated, since dividends are seen as a return of money to a shareholder (instead of income).

This significantly diminishes the base of the partners with each payment. Investors may protect themselves against tax losses and depreciation by doing this.

A company may be owned by a single person or a group of people in a commercial context. It is possible to trade a company that is held by one person or a partnership privately or publicly. A partnership that is routinely traded on a securities exchange and held by two or more co-owners is known as a publicly traded partnership.


There may be two or more owners in a publicly listed partnership; they can be people, companies, or any other kind of partnership. The partnership is managed by each of the general partners, while the business is funded by limited partners who provide money but have no influence in how the company is operated. Especially for energy companies, a PTP may provide investors with quarterly revenue that is entitled to or eligible for preferential tax treatment.


Blood transfusion or platelet transfusion may cause post-transfusion purpura (PTP), a delayed adverse response that happens when the body produces alloantibodies to the antigens of the allogeneic transfused plates. Thrombocytopenia, a fast decrease in platelet count, is the result of these alloantibodies destroying the patient's platelets.

PTP is an uncommon but potentially lethal illness that occurs during the first five to 12 days after a blood transfusion. Females make about 85 percent of the total number of cases.


A week after blood transfusion, a patient's thrombocytopenia becomes quite severe. Even though it is an uncommon ailment, it has the potential to be fatal.

Platelet destruction occurs when an anamnestic immune response reactivates platelet antibodies that were previously activated by pregnancy or blood transfusion.. Because the transfused platelets and the patient's own platelets are destroyed by antibody-mediated destruction, thrombocytopenia results. Anti-HPA-1a antibodies are present in the blood of individuals who test negative for HPA-1a platelet antigen in more than 85% of instances. Clinical PTP has been documented after the transfer of platelet-specific antibodies from donor to recipient.

Signs and symptoms in the body

Sudden and severe thrombocytopenia (platelet count commonly 10), which occurs 5 to 10 days after transfusion, is characterised by this. There are petechiae on the patient's skin, and he or she is prone to spontaneous bleeding. It is more common in women (around 90% of cases), especially in women who have had children in the past.

Experimentation in the lab

Consult a transfusion medicine professional at your nearest blood bank and notify them of the situation. Anti-platelet antibodies, such as anti-HPA-1a or anti-HPA-2b, will be found in these tests.


Intravenous immunoglobulin 2 gm/kg is administered in divided dosages over the course of two to five days. Patients with thrombocytopenia should avoid plasma exchange and corticosteroids because they impede platelet recovery. Typically, the platelet count recovers within a few weeks. Platelets compatible with the patient's antibodies should be utilised if platelet transfusion is inevitable during the acute phase, despite the fact that platelet survival is frequently compromised. Blood products from donors who are negative for the HPA-antigen should only be used in future transfusions for the patient. PTP management requires the expertise of a NZBS transfusion medicine specialist or clinical haematologist.


(PTP) is a protocol used to synchronize clocks throughout a computer network.

Using the Precision Time Protocol (PTP), a computer network's clocks may be synchronized. Different sorts of devices may have their clocks synchronized using this protocol. The PTP standardization effort was initiated by John Edison in 1588 and was released in 2002. This is necessary in order to exchange messages in a synchronous manner over the communication channel.

PTP has a number of characteristics, including:

  • Alternate time scale functionality is provided by the programme.
  • A Grand Master clock is used to keep everything in sync.
  • Master-slave architecture is used to make it operate.
  • It makes it possible to follow the course of communication.

PTP is a protocol that enables devices to communicate with one other seamlessly. In order to maintain synchronisation, it employs a master-slave time management mechanism. A grandmaster device provides a single network connection to one or more communication devices. This grandmaster is in charge of establishing the primary time reference for the game. Information that has been time-stamped by the grandmaster is sent to the communication medium's devices. This set-up compensates for the network's supply fluctuation to achieve precise distribution.

PTP's use cases:

  • For efficient communication between devices in a variety of IT applications.
  • Computer synchronization and other tasks rely on its Generic time stamping applications.
  • Using technology and software, it is possible to create massive applications.
  • Routers and switches make use of it.
  • Many microprocessors, network interface cards, and protocol stacks make use of it.
  • Instrumentation for RF, Aircraft Monitoring Instruments, and GPS-linked Clocks all rely on it.

PTP has the following advantages:

  • Time stamping is correct.
  • A well-known technique for synchronizing clocks,
  • It increases the level of security inside the building.
  • Synchronized communication may be achieved by putting up a series of coordinated operations.

PTP's drawbacks:

  • A breakdown in the system's master clock will bring all communication to a halt.
  • Synchronization allows for manipulation.
  • Selection of a new master has the potential to extend the period of ambiguity even further.


There are several similarities between NTP and PTP. SNTP (simple network time protocol) is used by the great majority of systems to synchronize their clocks. In this simplified version of NTP, a client may explore numerous servers for the optimal clock, taking into consideration the connection's latency and jitter.

Servers in this mode don't keep track of any previous connections from clients. Clients can generally calculate a clock value with a precision of a few milliseconds using this method. A complete version of NTP is used by the servers themselves, which includes sending and receiving messages and maintaining a history of previous synchronizations.

  • Keeping a record of clock drift (to estimate the developing inaccuracy of a clock) and attempting to estimate the one-way delay (similar to PTP) is possible thanks to this method. In the end, PTP is aiming for the same thing (clock synchronization that includes taking latency into account). Its implementation, on the other hand, differs significantly.
  • PTP is often included into system firmware in order to achieve nano- or picosecond precision (e.g., a dedicated microcontroller or in the network adapter). Avoids the extra delay of the operating system scheduling system as data passes across the network stack and finally arrives at the time server.
  • Assuming all communication occurs on the same local area network, PTP does not use the overhead of packet routing.
  • It is possible for any of the systems in a PTP network to have an accurate time source. All clocks in this system will have their time set by the winner of an election to choose a master.
  • NTP allows each client to determine whether or not to synchronise, and how often. For synchronization to take place, the chosen master is in charge of sending messages to each system in the network and determining when those messages should be received.

Other full forms of PTP