NEWS Full Form
The word “news” is an abbreviation for “Notable Events, Weather, and Sport. “It’s very logical. Isn’t it? Twitter appears to believe so, with retweet after retweet stating that this is brand new, sparkly knowledge that we all need to hear and digest and grasp right away. Except that this gleaming, brandnew knowledge is neither gleaming nor brand-new, and it is surely not factually correct. The acronym was quickly blasted down by people in the know, with so many saying, “How ridiculous!” Instead, it clearly stands for North, East, West, and South.’
The word “news” refers to information with regard to the current or recent occurrences. This can be accomplished through a variety of means, including word of mouth, printing, postal systems, etc. So as to distinguish itself from soft media, news is frequently referred to as “hard news.”
War, government, politics, education, health, the environment, economy, business, fashion, and entertainment, as well as sporting events and quirky or odd happenings, are all common subjects for news reporting. Since ancient times, government proclamations addressing royal rituals, legislation, taxes, public health, and criminals have been labelled news. Technological and societal advancements, frequently fueled by government communication and espionage networks, have accelerated the distribution of news and affected its substance.
History of News :
The Acta Diurna, a news sheet dated before 59 BCE, was circulated around in the ancient Rome and is known as the oldest journalistic product. Vital everyday events or incidents, were documented in these news sheets. The first regularly published newspapers debuted in German cities and Antwerp, came into existence in the 1609. The Weekly News, the earliest English newspaper, was published in 1622.
Newspapers in the 18th century were initially hampered by government-imposed censorship, tariffs, and other limitations, but they eventually gained the reportorial freedom and important function that they have remained to this day. Because of increased demand for newspapers as a result of increased literacy and the introduction of steam- and later electric-powered presses, daily circulation of newspapers increased from thousands to hundreds of thousands, and finally to millions.
Magazines, which began as erudite journals in the 17th century, began to publish opinion-forming articles on current events, such as those published in the Tatler (1709–11) and the Spectator (1711– 12). In the 1830s, cheap mass-circulation journals, as well as illustrated and women’s magazines, began to appear, aiming at a larger and less educated audience. Due to the high cost of large-scale news gathering, news agencies were formed, which sold their international journalistic reporting to a variety of different newspapers and publications. The telegraph, followed by radio and television, greatly increased the pace and timeliness of journalistic activity while simultaneously providing huge new venues and audiences for their electronically delivered goods.
For long-distance journalistic information transmission in the late twentieth century, satellites and later the Internet were used.
There are a variety of news media to choose from, including :
The news media, often known as the news industry, is a subset of the mass media that focuses on conveying news to the general public or a specific audience. Print media (newspapers, magazines), radio and television news, and the Internet are all examples of this (online newspapers, news blogs, news videos, live news streaming, etc.).
• Newspaper :
A newspaper is a periodical publication that contains written information about current events and is often typed in black ink on a white or grey backdrop. Opinion columns, weather predictions, reviews of local services, obituaries, birth notices, crossword puzzles, editorial cartoons, comic strips, and advice columns are all common features in the newspapers, which covers a wide spread of topics such as politics, business, sports, and art.
Most newspapers are for-profit organisations that rely on subscriptions, newsstand sales, and advertising revenue to cover their costs. Newspapers are sometimes referred to as “newspapers” by the media groups that print them.
• News broadcasting :
In the realm of broadcast journalism, news broadcasting is the medium via which various news events and other information are broadcasted via television, radio, or the internet. Locally, in a radio or television studio newsroom, or via a broadcast network, the programming is usually created. Sports coverage, weather forecasts, traffic reports, political commentary, expert opinions, editorial content, and any items that the broadcaster believes is relevant to their audience may all be included. Individual stories are usually delivered by one or more anchors during a news broadcast. Live or taped interviews with field reporters are frequently included.
• Online News :
Online news (also known as electronic news or electronic news publication) is an online version of a newspaper that is available as a standalone publication or as an online version of a printed periodical.
Newspapers now have greater opportunity to compete with television journalism in terms of delivering breaking news in a more rapid manner, thanks to the internet. Many in the newspaper industry believe that well-established newspapers’ reputation and high brand recognition, as well as their close relationships with advertisers, will help them survive. Moving away from printing might also help save money.
News pieces come in a variety of formats :
News is one of the most important aspects of our lives; it has moulded our world. It is impossible to imagine living without knowing what is going on in the rest of the globe.
We are now in the year 2020, and twenty-first-century trends have transformed journalism; now, print and electronic media are taking steps to provide as much authentic knowledge as possible.
• News Report :
When producing a news report, keep in mind that this paper may be used in a variety of areas; for example, students may use your records in their research. A news report is a serious and impartial toned piece of writing, usually regarding recent occurrences because there are several evidences accessible. Skilled writers and journalists are more likely to write about the future, but these news stories will require a lot of guesswork, and when writing about the future, one must take in mind the incoming criticism.
Another aspect of a news report that is closely linked is research abilities; if you want to publish a news report, you must be an excellent researcher.
• Feature Article :
The difference between a news report and a feature article is often misunderstood, yet a good and professional journalist must learn the tiny nuances in order to achieve huge aims. The sole distinction between a feature and a news piece is the length of time. News reports are usually about the recent past, whereas features are about the distant past; they might be about people, phenomena, or the overall economic and political processes of countries.
Another significant distinction between a feature and a news storey is the amusing content; features are intended to entertain the viewer while also delivering information about the subject.
• Editorial :
Every newspaper has a section dedicated to this. The purpose of any editorial is to communicate the idea and opinion of the group of editors and journalists who run the newspaper. Editorials are made up of columns, and they are usually referred to as opinion articles or columns rather than editorials.
When a journalist writes a column, the editorial board reviews it and makes changes based on the newspaper’s policies. No one will ever be able to publish his writing in a newspaper without it.Each columnist has an own writing style; some are snarky and use a humorous tone to keep the reader engaged and interested.
• Letters to Editor :
Newspapers offer a section called letter to the editor that allows readers to communicate with them. Many young journalists have used it to demonstrate their abilities.
Any local resident can write a letter to the editor about the current situation or any other grievance. The editorial board will decide whether or not to publish the letter; if the news is unworthy, it will be ignored.
• Reviews :
These could be proposals for various global procedures, or different experts analysing the problem. It is usually decided by the editorial board of the newspaper.
• Press releases :
Various institutions have issued official notices. Newspapers print them just as they are, with no modification.
• Sports News :
These are sports-related news reports, but now that there is more freedom, journalists are also writing them as columns.
The news industry has changed dramatically in the previous 50 years,
Newsrooms were raucous a half-century ago. When breaking news arrived over the wire machine, alarm bells went out above the continuous clackity-clack of typewriters. Children on bicycles brought newspapers to front porches around the country, while the majority of people only got information from news anchors like Walter Cronkite during regularly scheduled programmes. Today, news is given in real time from a dizzying array of sources, and owing to cell phones and social media, anyone can be a journalist, and their spontaneous recordings can go viral at the touch of a button.
Between those two dates, the business underwent such significant and all-encompassing changes that the persons who delivered the news in 1969—nearly all of them were white men—would not recognise it now. Massive businesses own 24-hour news networks that serve as intellectual home bases for a country that is hyper-partisan and politically polarised. Americans primarily consume news in intellectual and political echo chambers, where their social media feeds, go-to internet news sources, and network news channels reinforce their existing opinions while striving to discredit or simply shut out competing viewpoints.
Some of the most powerful and prominent news programmes in the country are parody shows, which began as comedies mocking the news but have since matured into formidable media watchdogs that the general public relies on for accurate information. The print newspapers that used to be strewn across America’s lawns, driveways, and front porches every morning at sunrise are losing subscribers to new and growing digital alternatives.
For years, the media has been vilified as a catchall boogeyman for any information that doesn’t fit into the narrative of one echo chamber or the other. A sitting president recently referred to the media as “the actual enemy of the people,” despite the fact that the media’s role in American society is protected by the First Amendment. Take a look at how the news industry has evolved over the last 50 years.
• Typewriters were doomed to history :
Few working journalists can recall a period when newsrooms were filled with the incessant clackityclack of typewriters as reporters and editors frantically cranked out material on actual paper in real time. By the end of the 1980s, most newsrooms had mostly abandoned typewriters, which had been replaced by word processors and later personal computers. Spools of inked ribbon, Wite-Out correction fluid, stuck keys and arms, and sliding carriages all accompanied them.
• Smoke-free newsrooms:
Newsrooms have always been as smoky as even the dingiest pubs or clubs, with stressed-out, deadline-driven reporters and editors puffing away while hustling. However, as the risks of smoking and second-hand smoke became more widely recognised, newsrooms gradually and grudgingly became smoke-free environments. As smoking became less popular across the country, the transition followed a nationwide trend.
• The news hit the big time :
TV news was a second-tier sector in the 1960s, relying on large, expensive equipment that couldn’t compete with small but effective radio broadcast operations and lacked the credibility of print journalism. That all changed in 1963, when President John F. Kennedy was assassinated and his assailant was killed on live television. Newspapers couldn’t effectively record the drama, and radio couldn’t distribute the deluge of images and videos that appeared every hour—but television could, and it became an equal chamber in the era’s three-tiered media structure.
• TV news became big business :
By the 1970s, television news had established a reputation as a trustworthy and professional source of information. It was also a very profitable venture. The news operations of major television networks were already among the most profitable cash cows at the time.
• Women broke into TV news :
White men were remained the sole broadcasters of national television news in 1976. Barbara Walters, who smashed the glass ceiling on Oct. 4, changed that. According to Variety, Walters said that “she had spent most of her time answering what she would wear for the first broadcast,” when ABC brass convened a news conference to announce that she had been selected the first woman to anchor a nightly newscast with Harry Reasoner.
• African-Americans shattered stereotypes :
Max Robinson became the first African-American recruited as a network broadcast anchor two years after Barbara Walters broke the gender barrier in national TV news. Robinson’s contract with “ABC
World News Tonight” marked the first time that the public was briefed by a non-white national news anchor.
• The newspapers got brighter :
USA Today was founded in 1982 and became the most widely read newspaper in the United States in 1984. It published the first full-color edition of all of its parts that year. The industry mocked the journal, dubbing it McPaper, but when it succeeded, it was swiftly copied—the New York Times, long known as the “Gray Lady,” became the final major newspaper to fall in and print colour images in 1997.
• The 24-hour news cycle began to take shape :
The advent of the 24-hour news cycle was another key change sparked by CNN’s coverage of the Gulf War. Morning, evening, and night half-hour pieces of television news were previously broadcast, with TV news magazines and specials supplementing the broadcast. Audiences tuned in 24 hours a day in 1991 to see the country’s incredible military strength on show, and after the war ended, the country expected—and received—nonstop cable news.
• News parodies made headlines :
“Saturday Night Live’s” “Weekend Update,” and later “The Daily Show” and “The Colbert Report,” were created as parodies mocking the corporate media’s delivery of news in the United States. They swiftly became major cultural forces, however, challenging powerful media companies and individuals’ narratives and serving as primary sources of information for many people, particularly the young and politically involved.
• The news was filtered over social media :
The rise of Facebook in the mid-2000s revolutionised the way people communicated and shared information. Traditional media outlets have mostly been overtaken as the primary source of current information by social media. Words like “viral,” “trending,” and “buzzworthy” became the new yardsticks for determining a story’s merit, and the general public could keep up with the news they cared about by simply following the correct source.
Let us now look at some of the other meanings of the abbreviation NEWS,
• Nature Environment and Wildlife Society :
The Nature Environment and Wildlife Society (NEWS) founded in 1991 is a conservation NGO based in Kolkata, India. Their main goal is to improve the environment by conserving animals, ecology,
natural resources, and sustainable livelihoods. NEWS has earned a reputation in the conservation community for its hard work, passion, and dedication. The committee strives for a brighter future in which scientific research, knowledge dissemination, community participation, and policy advocacy are all combined to promote long-term sustainability. In today’s fast-paced world, conservation is a neverending process with new difficulties arising on a daily basis. There is no such thing as a conservation milestone that can be reached once and for all. However, the process must adapt to changes in society, economics, the environment, and science.
• Network extensible Window System :
Sun Microsystems developed the NeWS that is, Network extensible Window System which is a windowing system in the mid-1980s. James Gosling and David S. H. Rosenthal were the principal authors of the book, which was originally titled “SunDew.” The NeWS interpreter was based on PostScript, as was the later Display PostScript, despite the fact that the two projects were unconnected, but it was extended to allow interaction and numerous “contexts” to support windows. NeWS, like PostScript, is a comprehensive programming language, but unlike PostScript, it can be used to create complete interactive programmes with mouse support and a graphical user interface.
• New England Weaver’s Seminar :
The New England Weavers’ Seminar (NEWS) is a consortium of New England Weavers’ Guilds dedicated to promoting and improving the quality of hand weaving and allied arts and abilities, primarily through a biennial seminar.
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