NDA Full Form

NDA Full Form

NDA have two major full forms in india.

  • National Defence Academy (NDA)
  • National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

NDA full form

National Defence Academy (NDA)

The NDA which is elaborated as National Defence Academy is the Indian Armed Forces’ joint defence service training institute, in which cadets from the Indian Navy, Indian Air force, and Indian Army are trained together before proceeding or entering to their respective service academy for further pre-commission training. The National Defence Academy is situated in Khadakwasla, Maharashtra, which is the world’s first tri-service academy.

Three Param Vir Chakra awardees and 12 Ashoka Chakra recipients are among NDA’s graduates. Until now, the NDA has produced 27 service Chiefs of Staff. The current Chiefs of Staff of the Army, Navy, and Air Force are all NDA graduates. On November 30, 2019, the 137th course graduated, including 188 Army cadets, 38 Naval cadets, 37 Air Force cadets, and 20 cadets from friendly foreign countries. In August 2021, the Supreme Court of India issued an order allowing female applicants to take the NDA entrance exams on September 5, 2021.

❖ History of National Defence Academy (NDA)

Field Marshal Claude Auchinleck, then Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army, led a committee throughout the world at the close of World War II, relying on the army’s experiences during the war, and issued a report to the Government of India in December 1946. The group suggested that a Joint Services Military Academy be established, with training modelled after that of the United States Military Academy at West Point.

Following India’s independence in August 1947, the Chiefs of Staff Committee promptly put the Auchinleck report’s recommendations into action. In late 1947, the committee launched an action plan to commission a permanent defence academy and began looking for a suitable location. It also agreed to establish an interim training academy, the Joint Services Wing (JSW), at the Armed Forces Academy (now known as the Indian Military Academy) in Dehradun, which was commissioned on 1 January 1949.Army cadets were sent to the Military wing of the Armed Forces Academy for two years of additional pre-commission training after two years of training at the JSW, while Navy and Air Force cadets were sent to Britannia Royal Naval College Dartmouth and Royal Air Force College Cranwell in the United Kingdom.

In 1941, Lord Linlithgow, the then Viceroy of India, received a donation of £100,000 from the Sudanese government for the construction of a war memorial in honour of the sacrifices done by Indian forces in the liberation of Sudan during World War II’s East African campaign. Following partition, India received £70,000 (about Rs 14 lakh at the time), with the remaining £30,000 going to Pakistan. India’s Armed Forces.

On 6 October 1949, then-Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru lay the foundation stone for the academy. In October 1949, work on the building began. The total project cost was anticipated to be Rs 6.45 crores in the updated estimate. On December 7, 1954, the National Defence Academy was formally commissioned, and on January 16, 1955, an inaugural ceremony was place. The 10th JSW programme has been relocated to NDA Khadakwasla from Clement Town, Dehradun.

❖ About NDA Campus 

The NDA campus lies around 17 kilometres south of Pune city, and with the Sinhagad Fort as a backdrop. It covers 7,015 acres of the 8,022 acres that the previous Bombay State government contributed. While numerous states offered land for the Academy’s permanent location, Bombay was chosen since it donated the largest territory, which included a lake and surrounding mountainous terrain. The location was also chosen because of its proximity to the Arabian Sea and other military installations, as well as a nearby active air station at Lohagaon, and its pleasant temperature. On the north bank of the Khadakwasla lake, there is a historic combined-forces training centre and the HMS Angostura, a decommissioned mock landing ship.

The Sudan Block, the NDA’s administrative headquarters, was named after the sacrifices made by Indian soldiers in the East African campaign in the Sudan theatre. On 30 May 1959, it was launched by Rahmatullah Abdulla, the Sudanese Ambassador to India at the time. The structure is a three-story basalt and granite construction made of Jodhpur red sandstone. Its exterior design consists of a mix of arches, pillars, and verandahs, all of which are crowned by a dome. White Italian marble floors and panelling adorn the internal walls of the foyer.

❖ Eligibility criteria for NDA 

Nationality :

➢ A candidate should be of Indian citizenship.
➢ The NDA test is open to Nepalese and Bhutanese subjects, as well as Tibetan refugees who arrived in India with the goal of settling permanently before January 1, 1962.
➢ A person of Indian ancestry moved to one of the following nations with the purpose of settling permanently.
➢ Sri Lanka and Pakistan are both members of the Commonwealth.
➢ Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Ethiopia, and Vietnam are all East African countries.

Age limit :

➢ Candidates ages should be between 18 and 65.
Candidates for NDA 2 must have been born between January 2 and January 1, 2002.
➢ Candidates for the NDA 1 must have been born between July 2, 2003 and July 1, 2006.
➢ The date of birth written on Class 10 or 12 certificates will be accepted by the commission.
➢ Following the announcement of the written exam results, candidates must submit these certificates.

Educational Qualification :

➢ The Army branch of the NDA requires that you have passed a Class 12 or comparable examination from a recognised board.
➢ NDA’s Air Force and Naval Wings, as well as the INA’s 10+2 Cadet Entry Scheme: Passed the Class 12 or equivalent test in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
➢ Candidates who are taking or will be taking a Class 12 or equivalent test are eligible to apply.
➢ Candidates who will be taking the Class 11 exam are ineligible.

Marital status :

Male and female candidates who are not married may apply for the exam. Candidates should wait till they have completed their training before getting married. Candidates who marry while undergoing training will be expelled from the programme and must reimburse the government for any expenses incurred on their behalf.

Standards of Physical Excellence :

For the NDA exam, candidates must be physically fit.

Army and Air Force Height & Weight :

➢ 157 cms is the minimum height required (For Air Force it is 162.5 cms). Candidates with ties to a specific region may be eligible for special consideration.
➢ Gorkhas and candidates from the hills of India’s north-eastern regions, such as Garhwal and Kumaon, must be 5 cm shorter than the aforementioned figure. The minimum height requirement is dropped by 2 cm for candidates from Lakshadweep.

The following conditions must be met by candidates who want to be Pilots :

➢ Leg length should be between 99 and 120 centimetres.
➢ Maximum Thigh Length: 64 cm
➢ 81.50 cm and 96 cm are the minimum and maximum sitting heights respectively.

National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

It is a broad political coalition in India led by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). It was created in 1998 and now has control of the Indian government, as well as the governments of 17 Indian states and three Union Territories.

Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee was its first chairman. Former Deputy Prime Minister L. K. Advani became chairman in 2004 and remained until 2014, with Amit Shah succeeding him. From 1998 to 2004, the coalition was in charge. With a combined vote percentage of 38.5 percent, the alliance regained power in the 2014 general elections. On the 26th of May 2014, its leader, Narendra Modi was sworn in as India’s Prime Minister. With a combined vote share of 45.43 percent in the 2019 general election, the coalition boosted its seat total to 353 seats.

❖ History of National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

In May 1998, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) was created as a coalition to run in the general elections. The NDA’s major goal was to establish an anti-INC coalition. The BJP led the coalition, which included many regional parties such as the Samta Party and AIADMK, as well as the Shiv Sena. However, in 2019, the Shiv Sena left the alliance to join the United Progressive Alliance, which is led by Congress. Only the Shiv Sena shares the BJP’s Hindutva philosophy. Because the AIADMK lost its backing, the government fell apart within a year. Following the addition of a few additional regional parties, the NDA went on to win the 1999 elections by a greater margin. Vajpayee was elected Prime Minister for the third time, serving a full five-year term this time.

Six months ahead of schedule, the NDA declared elections in early 2004. Its campaign was centred on the tagline “India Shining,” which aimed to portray the NDA administration as the driving force behind the country’s rapid economic growth. However, the NDA was defeated in the Lok Sabha, with Manmohan Singh succeeding Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister, garnering only 186 seats compared to 222 for the United Progressive Alliance led by the Congress. The NDA’s setback, according to some, was caused by a failure to reach out to the rural electorate.

❖ Structure of National Democratic Alliance (NDA)

There is no institutional governing structure in place for the National Democratic Alliance, such as an executive board or a politburo. Individual party leaders have made decisions on subjects such as seat distribution in elections, ministry allocation, and problems brought in Parliament. Given the parties’ differing beliefs, there have been several instances of dissent and split voting among allies.

George Fernandes, the NDA convener till 2008, was relieved of his duties due to illness. Sharad Yadav, president at the time, took his post. The JD(U) exited the coalition on June 16, 2013, and Sharad Yadav resigned as NDA convener. Then Andhra Pradesh’s chief minister, Chandrababu Naidu, was named NDA convener. In Bihar, the JD(U) established a government with the backing of the BJP on July 27, 2017. After four years, the JD(U) finally re-joined the NDA on August 19, 2017.

Let us now look at some of the other full forms of the abbreviation NDA,

❖ NDA full form in Clinical Research 

NDA stand for 'New Drug Application' in Clinical Research

The New Drug Application has governed and controlled the development of new pharmaceuticals in the United States for decades (NDA). Every new drug has had to go through an NDA approval process before it can be sold in the United States since 1938. The NDA application is how drug companies ask
the FDA to authorise a new medicine for sale and marketing in the United States. The information obtained during an Investigational New Drug studies and human clinical trials is included in the NDA.

The NDA’s goals are to offer sufficient material for FDA reviewers to make the following essential decisions :

➢ Whether or not the drug is safe and effective in its intended use(s), and whether or not the drug’s benefits exceed the dangers.
➢ Whether or not the proposed labelling (package insert) for the drug is suitable, and what it should include.
➢ Whether the production processes and quality-control procedures employed to maintain the drug’s identity, strength, quality, and purity are sufficient to maintain the drug’s identity, strength, quality, and purity.
➢ An NDA’s documentation is designed to convey the entire storey of the medicine, including what happened during clinical trials, what the drug’s ingredients are, the results of animal research, and in order to see how the drug acts in the body.

❖ NDA full form in Business 

NDA mean 'Non-Disclosure Agreement' in Business

A legally enforceable contract which creates a confidential connection between two parties, particularly in business is called a Non-disclosure agreement. Non-disclosure agreements are frequently used to help business people to negotiate about their business deal with other businesses. They make it reliable for parties to pass on sensitive information without danger of it falling into the hands of competitors. A non-disclosure agreement (NDA) is commonly used before conversations between businesses about possible joint ventures.

Types of NDA :

• Unilateral NDA : A unilateral NDA (also known as a one-way NDA) is a contract between two parties in which only one party (the disclosing party) anticipates disclosing certain information to the other party (the receiving party) and requires that the information be kept confidential for whatever reason.
• Bilateral NDA : A bilateral NDA, also known as a mutual NDA or a two-way NDA is a contract between two parties in which both parties anticipate releasing information to each other that they desire to keep it confidential.
• Multilateral NDA : A multilateral NDA involves three or more parties, with at least one of them anticipating providing information to the others and requiring that the information be kept
private. This sort of NDA does away with the necessity for bilateral or unilateral NDAs between only two parties.

Other full forms of NDA